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:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (8-2017) ::
qaiie 2017, 2(4): 67-98 Back to browse issues page
Effects of PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies) Curriculum with an Islamic Approach on Respect, Empathy and Self-Control of Preschool Children
Esmaeil Sa’dipour PhD 1, Soghra Ebrahimi ghavam PhD2, Hajar Khabaz 3, Fariborz Dortaj PhD4, Ahmad Khamesan PhD5
1- Associate Professor of Education and Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran. , E.sadipour@atu.ac.ir
2- Associate Professor of Education and Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Doctoral Student in Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Professor of Education and Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Associate Professor of Education and Psychology, University of Birjand, Iran.
Abstract:   (282 Views)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies) curriculum with an Islamic approach on respect, empathy and self-control of preschool children. The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The statistical population of the study comprised Tehrani preschool children in District 5 in academic year 2016-2017. The sample included 31 preschoolers who were randomly selected and then assigned to experimental and control groups by random. The instrument consisted of a self-devised Child Moral Behavior Inventory (with three components of respect, empathy, and self-control). The validity and reliability of the instrument was confirmed through psychometric scales. Data analysis was carried out using multivariate analysis of covariance. Results showed that after controlling the potential influences of the pretest via MANCOVA, the effect of independent variable on dependent variable was significant. More specifically, in posttest the mean scores of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group in the three components of moral behavior (empathy, self-control and respect) (p<0.05) and the obtained indices were 0.79, 0.73 and 0.69, respectively. There was a subsequent follow-up two months later and the results were indicative of the stability of the instruction effects. The findings indicated that PATHS curriculum can promote social-emotional self-sufficiency of preschool children and facilitate their moral development.
Keywords: PATHS curriculum, Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies, moral behavior, empathy, self-control, respect, Islamic approach.
Full-Text [PDF 7417 kb]   (90 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special- quantitative
Received: 2017/04/26 | Accepted: 2018/02/24 | Published: 2018/02/24
References
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Sa’dipour E, Ebrahimi ghavam S, Khabaz H, Dortaj F, Khamesan A. Effects of PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies) Curriculum with an Islamic Approach on Respect, Empathy and Self-Control of Preschool Children . qaiie. 2017; 2 (4) :67-98
URL: http://qaiie.ir/article-1-95-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 4 (8-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی مسائل کاربردی تعلیم و تربیت اسلامی Quarterly Journal of Applied Issues in Islamic Education
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